PO Box 2458, Tijeras NM 87059

Mountain Gardens--finding success with plants for the high desert and East Mountains of New Mexico

Monday, November 21, 2011

Fire Resistant Plants

I culled these from a variety of sources. New Mexico doesn't have much in the way of information resources available (yet, but can't be long now) for landscaping for fire safety. California, Colorado, Oregon--google their fire programs for more in depth info. Obviously, I deleted plants that weren't suitable for our growing environment. We're mountainous/high altitude, cool and very dry--if you're not, you'll have more choices.

Plants that are considered fire resistant are--deciduous/hard wood, or succulent, or non-resinous, or evergreen, or native, or short/dense. Again, plants need to be hydrated, and kept free of dead or dry leaves, etc.

Mountain Gardens carries most of the plants on the list, and many are available at other local nurseries. If you have questions about plants you may have that aren't listed, check with your local forestry or extension offices; they should be able to find the info you need. Please don't start ripping out your landscaping until you have good info--and remember that many plants can be retained if they're kept well pruned.

Here are a few links to some revealing photos and info--homes that survived wildfire due to maintaining the defensible space strategies in these last few blogs.

Antennaria rosea Pink pussytoes
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick
Aubrieta deltoidea Rock cress
Cerastium tomentosum Snow-in-summer
Delosperma cooperi Purple iceplant
Delosperma nubigenum Yellow iceplant
Dianthus species Dianthus, Garden carnation, or Pinks
Fragaria species Wild strawberry
Lamium species Dead nettle
Phlox subulata Creeping phlox
Sedum species Sedum or stonecrops
Sempervivum species Hens and chicks
Thymus praecox Creeping thyme
Veronica species Speedwell

Achillea species Yarrow
Allium schoenoprasum Chives
Aquilegia species Columbine
Armeria maritima Sea thrift
Artemesia species
Aurinia saxatilis Basket-of-gold
Campsis radicans Trumpet vine
Coreopsis species Coreopsis or Tickseed
Delphinium varieties Delphinium
Echinacea purpurea Coneflower
Epilobium angustifolium Fireweed
Eriogonum Eriogonum raggaii or jamesii
Eurotia spp Winterfat (.)
Festuca Glauca—Blue Fescue
Fendlera rupicola Fendler brush Antelope brush
Gaillardia varieties Blanket flower
Geranium cinereum Grayleaf cranesbill
Helianthemum nummularium Sun rose
Hemerocallis species Daylily
Heuchera sanguinea Coralbells
Iris hybrids Iris, tall bearded
Kniphofiauvaria Torch lily or Red-hot poker
Lavandula species Lavender
Linum perenne Flax, blue
Lonicera species Honeysuckle
Lupinus varieties Lupine
Mirabilis Four O'clock spp
Oenothera species Evening primrose
Papaver orientale Oriental poppy
Penstemon species Penstemon or Beardtongue
Ratibida columnifera Prairie coneflower or Mexican hat
Salvia species Salvia or Sage
Stachys byzantina Lamb’s ear
Yucca species Yucca
Zauschneria Hummingbird Trumpet
Zinnia grandiflora Rocky Mountain zinnia

Shrubs—broadleaf evergreen
Arctostaphylos—Manzanita, kinnickinnick
Cotoneaster apiculatus Cranberry cotoneaster
Daphne x burkwoodii var. ‘Carol Mackie’ Carol Mackie daphne
Mahonia aquifolium Oregon grapeholly
Mahonia repens Creeping holly
Acer glabrum Rocky Mountain maple
Amelanchier species Serviceberry
Caryopteris x clandonensis Blue-mist spirea
Euonymus alatus ‘Compactus’ Dwarf burning bush
Forestiera neomexicana New Mexico olive or privet, or Forestiera
Perovskia atriplicifolia Russian sage
Philadelphus species Mockorange
Potentilla fruiticosa Shrubby cinquefoil
Prunus besseyi Western sandcherry
Rhus species Sumac
Prunus tomentosa Nanking cherry
Ribes species Flowering currant
Rosa species Hardy shrub rose
Rosa woodsii Wood’s rose
Salix species Willow
Shepherdia argentea Silver buffaloberry
Shepherdia Canadensis Russett buffaloberry
Spiraea douglasii Western spirea
Symphoricarpos albus Snowberry
Syringa species Lilac
Viburnum trilobum Viburnum, Compact American
‘Compactum’ cranberry

Larix occidentalis Western larch
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa pine

Acer ginnala Amur maple
Acer grandidentatum Big tooth maple
Acer negundo Boxelder
Aesculus hippocastanum Horsechestnut
Alnus rubra Red alder
Alnus tenuifolia Mountain alder
Betula species Birch
Catalpa speciosa Western catalpa
Celtis occidentalis Common hackberry
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud
Crataegus species Hawthorn
Fagus sylvatica European beech
Fraxinus virginiana Green ash
Gleditsia triacanthos var. inermis. cvs Thornless honeylocust
Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky coffee tree
Juglans species Walnut
Malus species Crabapple
Populus angustifolia Narrowleaf cottonwood
Populus tremuloides Quaking aspen
Prunus ameriana Native plum
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry
Prunus virginiana ‘Schubert’ Canada red chokecherry
Quercus gambelii Gambel oak
Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Purple Robe’ Purple Robe locust
Robinia neomexicana New Mexico Locust
Sorbus aucuparia Mountain ash

Eschscholzia californica California poppy

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